The 10 Commandments
This Week’s Focus: The Close of the Commandments
What does God say about all these Commandments?
He says, “I, the Lord Your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love Me and keep My Commandments.” (Exodus 20:5-6)
What does this mean?
God threatens to punish all who break these commandments. Therefore, we should fear His wrath and not do anything against them. But He promises grace and every blessing to all who keep these commandments. Therefore, we should also love and trust in Him and gladly do what He commands.
God hates sin, while loving sinners (1 John 1:5-2:2).
We are born sinful (Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:12-21).
We also commit actual sins against God for which we need repentance (1 John 1:5-2:2; James 1:15).
“Here we must confess, as Paul says in Romans 5:12, that sin originated from one man, Adam. By his disobedience, all people were made sinners and became subject to death and the devil. This is called original or the chief sin.
The fruit of this sin are the evil deeds that are forbidden in the Ten Commandments (Galatians 5:19-21). These include unbelief, false faith, idolatry, being without the fear of God, pride, despair, utter blindness, and, in short, not knowing or regarding God. Also lying, abusing God’s name, not praying, not calling on God, not regarding God’s Word, being disobedient to parents, murdering, being unchaste, stealing, deceiving, and such.” Smalcald Articles, The Third Part Article 1, Concordia p. 270
· We confess that God hates sin but loves sinners
· We confess that God demands perfect obedience to the Law.
· We confess that our sins prohibit us from saving ourselves by our works.
· We confess that the Law is useful to control great outbursts of sin (curb), to convict us of sin (mirror), and to guide us in what to do and not do (guide).
· We confess that good works are done in faith by God’s power.
· We confess that all people are born sinful (original sin).
· We confess that all people commit sins daily (actual sin)
· We reject all teaching and practice of works righteousness.
· We reject any and all changing or laying aside of God’s Law.
1. How do we apply the fact that God hates sin but loves sinners in our own dealings as individuals and as a congregation?
2. How are we to properly teach and motivate ourselves, and others, to good works?
3. What does original sin, and actual sin bring about and what does that motivate us to do in faith?
4. In what ways do we utilize the three uses of the Law in everyday life?
5. How are we to respond to the challenges in society to God’s Law?
Lord, forgive us our many sins, and the sinfulness of our nature. Grant us Your grace in Jesus to forgive us and renew us each day. In Jesus’ name. Amen.