Ephesians Chapter 5 Lesson 2
upotassomenoi (verse 21) “be subject to, subordinate to (literally: place yourself under)” This verb occurs in verse 21, is borrowed by verse 22, and occurs again in verse 24.
kefalh (verse 23) “head.” The headship of Christ to the Church is to be reflected by husbands to their wives.
agapate (verse 25) “love”. This is the highest love in Greek. This word is defined in the New Testament by the love demonstrated by Jesus in His death and resurrection. This is verb is an imperative.
· Subordination is called for in verse 21. How that takes place for the Church and wives is discussed in verses 22-24. How it takes place for Christ and husbands is discussed in verses 25-31.
· Paul makes no attempt to explain that there is a marriage covenant between God and His people. Paul assumes his readers already know that from the Old Testament. He simply applies it to Christ and the Church, then to husbands and wives.
· The reality in this text is Jesus and the Church. The reflection is the Christian husband and his wife.
· Christian marriage, as defined here, is not simply a command or a relationship given by God to create order, it is a reflection and confession of the Gospel marriage covenant of salvation.
· This text has much to say about our relationship as the Church, the bride of Christ, to Jesus. That understanding then helps us understand the union of husband and wife in Christ.
· Christ exercises His headship in loving service to us, thus saving us. The subjection of the Church to that headship is her willing acceptance of His loving service. This applies to husbands and wives.
· Examples of the OT marriage covenant of salvation are Psalm 45, Song of Songs, Ezekiel 16, and Hosea 1-2.
· Jesus is identified as the Bridegroom in Matthew 25:1-13 and John 3:22-30, as well as other places.
1.What does this text contribute to our understanding of ourselves as the Church?
2.What does this text say about husbands in practice and attitude?
3.What does this text say about wives in practice and attitude?
4.What does God mean when we says we are one flesh (either realm)?
5.Are men and women equal in the sight of God?